One day while teaching a class of pre-schoolers ages 4-5, I took in some compost worms from my garden. I began the session by telling them that I had my ‘friends’ with me, then slowly unveiled the wriggling creatures. The children were fascinated! Their reactions ranged from wanting to pick them up to ‘ooo yuk’. The theme continued of how these wonderful little animals with no eyes, ears or legs could help us quietly in the garden and the children agreed that they were indeed our friends and should be looked after carefully. Unfortunately I didn’t heed my own advice and when the session was finished, I fed the worms to the chickens kept by the children. The chooks eagerly gobbled them up and I was pleased that the session had gone rather well until one little girl burst into tears and cried ‘but they were our friends’! Aaah such is the difficulty of life for our young ones, coming to terms with the seeming cruelty of nature.
Winter can be a dreary season for some, with cold, rainy days keeping us indoors and outings being thwarted by wet & windy weather. The garden is hibernating, and I often feel like doing so too! But I love the changing seasons in southern Australia, with something happening in every month. Variety is certainly the spice of life for me!
My children and I went on a little adventure to India several years ago, living in a beautiful area in the Palani mountains in the state of Tamil Nadu. The weather was so close to perfect; balmy days with cool mornings, gentle breezes and a slight night chill. Rain fell for half the year, as exciting monsoonal downpours. It was like spring and autumn all year round. The only drawback was the lack of variety. By the time we left, I was longing for a really cold winter where I could snuggle up under my doona with a hot water bottle, and feel the chill on my face.
A couple of weeks ago we were finally settling into summer in the garden – checking watering systems and hoses, moving tender potted plants into the shade, planning our activities according to the hottest part of the day, maybe even getting out our swimming togs!
Then in a flash the wild winds blew, temperatures dropped, the lightning flashed, the heavens opened and we were plunged into darkness! Now the temperatures have risen again and we’re waiting for a cool breeze. I’m thinking of renaming Climate Change….Climate confusion!
In our nursery, the spring season was so slow that only now are some plants responding to the warmth and looking their best. The vegie garden is super late, and I have only just put in my tomatoes, zucchini and basil.
So how can we adapt to the changes in our weather patterns and the continuing unpredictability of the climate in our gardens?
The system of Permaculture embraces an ethical framework that recognizes and understands the intrinsic worth of every living thing.
The three basic ethics are –
- CARE OF THE EARTH
- CARE OF PEOPLE
- FAIR SHARE
WHY DO WE NEED THESE ETHICS?
In the words of Albert Schweitzer,
‘Let me give you a definition of ethics: It is good to maintain and further life, it is bad to damage and destroy life’.
The ethics of Permaculture can give us a foundation for being able to better understand the choices we make towards our environment and each other. Permaculture is a holistic design system for creating sustainable human communities, by working harmoniously with our natural environment.
What is a Sanctuary Garden?
Have you ever walked through a garden that has taken your breath away? A garden that you just want to be in forever? Think of a place you loved as a child – on holidays or visits to friends and family? Can you define what makes that garden so alluring?
A Sanctuary Garden is an outdoor space that draws you in and gives you a sense of peace and harmony. It nurtures your spirit and serves as a place of refuge, rejuvenation and clarity.
It’s a unique and special place that is a positive expression of yourself, an avenue through which you can share your creativity and choose elements that delight your passion and feed your senses. It is also a place that gives much yet requires little – a garden that sustains itself with maintenance that is enjoyable but not overwhelming. Where design and forethought have identified challenges, addressed root causes in advance and designed solutions that work.
As for rosemary, I let it run all over my garden walls, not only because my bees love it but because it is the herb sacred to remembrance and to friendship, whence a sprig of it hath a dumb language
Sir Thomas Moore (1479 – 1535) British writer, statesman and philosopher
Rosemary has been prized for thousands of years for its fragrance, as well as its culinary and medicinal properties.The Latin name, Rosmarinus officinalis, means ‘dew of the sea’, but one legend says that the Virgin Mary spread her cloak over a rosemary bush while she was resting. The flowers turned blue like her cloak, and the bush was known from then on as the ‘Rose of Mary’. In old England, rosemary became an emblem of love, fidelity and remembrance in literature and folklore.
I must say here that what I write is my understanding and interpretation of what I have learnt about Permaculture, as is any application of a system.
The names Salvia and “sage” are derived from the Latin salvere (to save), referring to the healing properties long attributed to the various Salvia species. Botanically, the plant belongs to the mint family, Lamiaceae, of the genus Salvia. It is the largest genus of plants in this family, with approximately 700–900 species of shrubs, herbaceous perennials, and annuals.
Last spring our GPG team had great fun setting up a vegetable patch on the property of our dear, generous friend and fellow gardener, Penny O’Hare. We started with a bare paddock with awful stony soil and now we’re been picking masses of tomatoes, squash, zucchini, beans, capsicum and cucumber! We’ve just planted our root crops for winter and they’re already up and running.
I love to let nature work for me, rather than battling the elements and working against the environment. This is why we chose the ‘no-dig’ garden method for our new vegetable bed.
My own garden mentor is my gorgeous mother, Coralie Wollaston Williams. She eagerly adopted this method in the 1970’s, after reading Esther Dean’s iconic Australian gardening book, ‘Growing without Digging’. Mum had very difficult soil to work with, hard clay and shale, and as a young girl I can remember helping her layer the garden with newspaper, straw, compost and manure gathered from the paddocks. She still gardens this way in her mid-80’s and her garden is a healthy picture, full of gorgeous friable soil and worms.
I’d like to share what we’re doing, and perhaps it may inspire you to start a small veggie or flower plot garden, or to extend an existing one. Continue reading